Ecuador and Costa Rica sign historic Maritime Delimitation Agreement

The Foreign ministers of Ecuador, Ricardo Patiño, and of Costa Rica, Enrique Castillo, signed on Monday April 21, the Convention on the Maritime Delimitation of the Pacific Ocean between the Republic of Ecuador and the Republic of Costa Rica, which concludes the process initiated in 1978 to establish the maritime borders of the two countries, which was conducted considering the rules and principles of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

The President of the Republic in charge, Jorge Glas, stressed that this process which lasted over 35 years has a historical significance not only for Ecuador but means the strengthening of relations in the region, as the demonstration of the two fraternal countries to define its maritime boundaries without the intervention of anyone.

“It has taken time to get to this point. The Citizen Revolution gave a way to solve our territorial and maritime delimitation. With Costa Rica we are now neighbors bordering the Pacific Ocean, a country with which we have common themes. Today we have the security, legitimacy and legality that gives us the exercise of sovereignty over the sea with abundant marine resources for the strategic development of both peoples”, said Jorge Glas.

As part of signing the document, the Foreign Minister Ricardo Patiño said that with this act, Ecuador definitely closes the demarcation of the land and sea borders, a process initiated since the birth of the Republican era and accelerated with current governments of Ecuador and Costa Rica, led by Presidents Rafael Correa and Laura Chinchilla, respectively.

Ecuador concluded the demarcation of their land and maritime borders

Convenio Costa Rica-Ecuador-2“For Ecuador, this date is also a special pleasure because with the signing of this Agreement, we will finally conclude with neighboring countries delimitation and demarcation of their land and sea borders, a process that at some point had conflict, difficulties and frustrations, and now ends happily with clear, unquestionable and according with International Law. We are confident in stating that such borders henceforth far from lines of separation, division and conflict, will become binding points of convergence and integration of fraternal peoples”, said the Chancellor.

Foreign Minister Ricardo Patiño said that the meetings to establish the limits began in 1978 with a view to identifying areas of overlapping maritime areas that project to 200 nautical miles Galapagos, Ecuador, and Cocos Islands and Two friends in Costa Rica. Subsequently signed the “Convention for the Delimitation of Marine and Submarine Areas”, which met International standards for the delimitation of maritime areas, but its terms were not in agreement with the current International Law of the Sea.

“The accession of Ecuador to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, in September 2012, has allowed us to refine the definition made ​​in the year 1985, through several preparatory and other technical meetings. The Convention signed precise coordinates, adjusted geodetic reference system WGS-84, the base points and equidistant points from those who have drawn the geodesic lines that constitute the maritime boundary”, said the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Human Mobility of Ecuador.

For the Ecuadorian Chancellor, the conclusion of this Agreement of Maritime Delimitation between Ecuador and Costa Rica is “a valuable example of understanding between our countries and certainly the beginning of a more fruitful stage of cooperation to deepen scientific marine environment knowledge and its natural resources for its proper operation and maintenance”.

“This definition has been possible thanks to the political will of the two governments and the efforts and dedication of the people involved in the negotiations, technical meetings, and the development of memory and limit charts”, he said.

For Costa Rica, the Convention affirms the bonds of friendship

The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Costa Rica Enrique Castillo, said that the Agreement “confirms the deep ties of friendship and provides a basis for joint cooperation on maritime issues”.

Convenio Costa Rica-Ecuador-1“With this, a new era of strong and historic ties of friendship and fraternity that unite the two peoples that began with the meeting held in San Jose in February 2012, where both governments discussed issues of marine delimitation and continental platform agreed to propose a new maritime boundary agreement that was consistent with the terms set out in UNCLOS. Ecuador and Costa Rica show to our region and the world that it is possible, through dialogue and peaceful means, and reassert our sovereign rights while building greater opportunities for cooperation and brotherhood”, said the Costa Rican Minister.