Chancellor Patiño highlights similarities between the Declaration of Guayaquil and Resolution of the Extraordinary General Assembly of the OAS

  • The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Integration, Ricardo Patiño highlighted the importance of the Conference of the States Parties to the American Convention on Human Rights held in Guayaquil, on March 11, in which it was approved the Declaration to Strengthen the Inter-American System of Human Rights, since it was the basis for the agreement of the resolution adopted at the 44th Extraordinary General Assembly of the OAS, held in Washington, on Friday March 22.

Foreign Minister Ricardo Patiño submitted the following table, showing the similarities of form and substance between the two texts and positions:

Declaration of States Parties OAS General Assembly Resolution
1. Stress the importance of balance between the rights and obligations of States that are part of the OAS. Facing this, they agree to promote positive incentives to secure the support of all Member States of the OAS to the Pact of San José. (…)
8. To urge the OAS member States to ratify or adhering as appropriate, to all inter-American legal instruments on human rights, especially the American Convention on Human Rights, and to accept, as applicable, the contentious jurisdiction of the Inter-Human rights (…).
2. To instruct the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to strengthen efforts to promote human rights through support to national systems.
4. Encourage the Commission to strengthen its efforts to promote human rights, including through support to national systems.
3. To summon all our countries as States Parties to fully assume the financing of the system, through the OAS regular budget and voluntary contributions from Member States of the Organization. Also may be considered voluntary not conditioned nor addressed.
5. Reaffirm its commitment to achieve full funding ISHR through OAS Regular Fund without detriment to other financing mandates of the Organization. While this commitment is reached, inviting Member States, Observer States and other institutions to continue to make voluntary contributions (…), preferably non-specific means.
4. Based on the principle of the indivisibility of human rights, proposing that all are considered special rapporteurs and guarantee financing for the full implementation of the objectives of each.
7. Propose to the Commission that, based on the principle of the indivisibility of human rights, strengthen all its rapporteurs, including through the consideration of granting the special character of the existing thematic rapporteurs, on the basis of adequate funding and without prejudice to their other responsibilities.
5. To request the Secretary General to present a detailed analysis of the operating costs of the ISHR organs.
6. To request the Secretary General to the Permanent Council as soon as possible a detailed and updated and running costs of the ISHR organs according to information provided by the IACHR and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
6. Consider the appropriateness of the headquarters of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights should be located in a State party to the American Convention on Human Rights.
Nine of the countries made explicit, in this meeting, their agreement to promote the change of venue of the Commission, including supporting the candidacy of Costa Rica *.
7. Continue the convening of this Conference of States Parties to the American Convention on Human Rights, as a space for dialogue in this area.
According to the request made by several Latin American countries in the OAS, will convene a new conference of State Party before the next Annual General Meeting of July. Bolivia offered to host.
8. To instruct Ecuador the necessary coordination to perform the next Conference of States Parties and the configuration of the delegation of Foreign Ministers for the purposes mentioned in paragraph 1.

* Point 2 of resolution further states: “delegate the Permanent Council to continue the dialogue on key issues for strengthening the ISHR, taking into account all the contributions made by Member States, the IACHR bodies and civil society throughout the process of reflection and discussion during this special session of the General Assembly.”

Finally, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Integration, Ricardo Patiño, expressed his conviction that the mechanism of conferences of States Parties to the Pact of San José, inaugurated in Guayaquil, definitely mark the next steps in this process of strengthening the Inter-American System of Human Rights, while these signatory countries of the American Convention are legitimately the only ones who can decide over the future of it.

Press Release 226